序 言
2020-03-12

山东省副省长、青岛市市长  杜世成

《青岛世纪图志》在世纪之初面世了。这是向青岛人民献上的一份厚礼,同时也是为海内外朋友了解青岛、认识青岛开启的一扇图文并茂的窗口。

青岛自1891年建置以来,历经德、日、美三代帝国主义和北洋军阀、国民党政府的反动统治,城市千疮百孔,人民饱受苦难。具有革命传统的青岛人民为之进行了不屈不挠的抗争,无数革命先烈用青春、热血乃至生命迎来了青岛的解放。经过50余年特别是党的十一届三中全会以来的建设和发展,青岛面貌发生了巨大变化,已经从一个畸形的半殖民地城市,发展成为经济繁荣、社会安定、人民安居乐业的现代化城市。《青岛世纪图志》忠实、形象地记载了青岛百年的进程。

青岛是一座历史文化名城,拥有厚重的文化内涵。悠久的齐鲁文化形成了深厚的历史积淀,开放的西方文明注入了浓郁的欧陆风情。30年代的文人荟萃,更为这座城市增添了无限光彩。在这里,你可以看到康有为、王统照、沈从文、闻一多、老舍等文化名人的足迹;你可以看到名闻遐迩的天柱山北魏郑道照碑、古老淳朴的崂山太清宫、年轻的湛山寺、壮观的天主教堂等所孕育的中西合璧的文化……

青岛是一座闻名于世的港口城市,胶洲湾的天然深水良港为以港兴市提供了坚实的基础。在这里,你可以看到第一座人工码头一

青岛栈桥的诞生,大港、小港、油港、前湾港的兴建与发展;可以看到货轮、客轮、油轮、游船及其带来的人流、物流……

青岛是一座开放的城市。得天独厚的区位优势和青岛人民强烈的开放意识,使这里得以凭借开放的春风再创辉煌。在这里,你可以看到青岛经济技术开发区、高科技工业园、保税区已渐成气候,可以看到三资企业的兴起,海尔、海信、澳柯玛的异军突起;你可以看到空港的改造,信息港的建设,东部新区的开发,东海路的崛起,香港路的繁荣……

青岛是国内首屈一指的海洋科技城,拥有全国50%以上的海洋科技人才。在这里,你可以看到产生并推动了全国海水养殖的著名“三次浪潮”,与新中国海洋科技进步紧密相连的科技成就,你可以看到世界性的海洋学术会议在这里相继举行;你可以看到海洋资源的开发利用和保护,海洋经济的发展和增长……

青岛是享誉海内外的旅游城市,拥有优美的自然风光。红瓦绿树、碧海蓝天、金色沙滩、高塔飞舟,向以黄海明珠、东方“瑞士”著称于世。在这里,你可以看到喧闹的海水浴场、旖旎的崂山风光、有多国风格的八大关建筑群;你可以看到热烈壮观的啤酒节、独具特色的海洋节、迷人的糖球会……

青岛更是一座具有革命传统的城市。在此发生的许多重大历史事件,对中国近现代历史的进程产生过深远的影响。在这里,你可以看到“五四”运动、“青岛惨案”和“五卅”运动的缩影;你可以看到早期共产党人邓恩铭、王尽美等在这里传播马列主义、开展工人运动,解放前夕的反南迁、护厂活动……

总之,在这部图志里,你可以清楚地看到,一座城市是如何一天一天地长大长高,一年一年地走向繁荣富强;这座城市的人民是怎样一次一次地高奏凯歌,一步一步地开创未来。一座现代化的国际大都市是如何初步显现出她的姿影……

温古而知新,知往而鉴来。一个风雷激荡的20世纪已经成为过去,一个充满希望的21世纪已经振翅而来。迈进新世纪的门槛,我们深感历史责任的重大。几多难题,我们必须设法破解;几多机遇,我们必须牢牢把握;几多挑战,我们必须沉着应对。朋友们,让我们携手并肩,再创青岛新的辉煌,为青岛历史留下更新更美的图画!

Preface

Du Shicheng

Vice-Governor of Shandong Province,and Mayor of Qingdao

A Centennial Pictorial Record of Qingdao was pub1ished atthe beginning of the new century.It is not only a precious gift for the peop1e of Qingdao,but also a co1orfu1 window through which friends from home and abroad can get to know and understand this city.

since its estab1ishment in 1891,Qingdao had been ruled by the reactionary German,Japanese and American imperialists,the Northern War1ords and the Kuomintang government,inflicting gaping wounds on itself and unto1d miseries on its peop1e. However,the people of Qingdao who cherished such a revo1u- tionary tradition had never given up their stugg1e unti1 their city was liberated at the cost of the youth,blood and even 1ives of count1ess martyrs.With the construction and deve1opment over the past 50-odd years,especia11y since the Third P1enary Session of the E1eventh Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party,tremendous changes have taken place in Qingdao,turning it from a deformed semi-colonial city into a prosperous and stab1e modern metropo1is where peop1e 1ive in peace and contentment.A11 this progress in the past century has been recorded faithfully and vividly in the book.

As a historically and cu1turalty famous city,Qingdao boasts bountifu1 cu1tura1 associations.Having inherited a 1arge historica1 accumulation 1eft behind by the long-standing Qi-Lu (two states in the Zhou Dynasty)cu1ture,Qingdao has a1so absorbed the traditions and customs of the open European Continental civi1ization.In the 1930’s,the men of 1etters who gathered in Qingdao added boundlessly to its splendor.Here in this city,you can observe the traces of Kang Youwei,Wang Tongzhao,Shen Congwen,Wen yiduo,Laoshe and other famous men.You can admire the well-known tab1ets with the inscriptions of Zheng Daozhao(a famous calligrapher in the Northern Wei Dynasty)on Mt.Tianzhushan,the ancient and unadorned Taiqing Pa1acc On Mt.Laoshan,the young Zhanshan Temple and the magni- ficent Catholic Church―Which altogether embody a hanmonious combination of Chinese and Western culture.

Qingdao is a world-famous natural harbor city,the deep water in Jiaozhou Bay providing a solid foundation for deve- lopment.Here you can see the birth of Zhanqiao Pier—the first man-made wharf in Qingdao。The construction and development of the Big Harbor,the Small Harbor,the Oil Harbor and the Front Bay Harbor,the cargo ships,passenger ships,and oil ships loaded with passengers and cargo.

Qingdao is an open city.Benefiting from its unique regi- onal advantages and the strong sense of openness of its people and supported by the favorable open-door policy,it has made glorious achievements.Here you can see how Qingdao Economic and Technological Development Zone,the Hi-tech Industrial Park and the Bonded Area have taken shape,how the three kinds of ventures,and Haier,Hisense and Aucma have suddenly come to the force.You can also see the reconstruction of the airport,the construction of the information harbor.the development of the new district in east Qingdao,especially the rapid growth of Donghai Road and the prosperity of Hong Kong Road.

Qingdao is the No.1 city of marine science and technology in China,with over 50% of the personnel in this field living here.Here you can see how the famous“Third Wave”initiated and has promoted China’s sea culture.You can see how the scientific and technological achievements have been made in close relation with the progress of China’s marine science and technology.You can also see that series of worldwide academic conferences of marine science have been held here,that its sea resources have been well utilized and developed,and that its marine economy has been fast developing and growing.

Qingdao is a tourist city enjoying domestic and intern- ational fame for its beautiful natural scenery.With red tiles and green trees,the blue sea and sky,golden beaches,high towers and flying boats,it is known as a “Pearl in the Yellow Sea”and“Oriental Switzerland”.Here you can see the bustling bathing beaches,the charming scenery on Mt.Laoshan,and the building clusters of foreign styles in Badaguan area.You can enjoy the magnificent Beer Festival,the unique Ocean Festival,and the fascinating Sugarcoated Haw Fair.

Qingdao is a city with revolutionary traditions.Many great historic events that happened here had a far—reaching influence on the progress of Chinese modern history.Here.you can see the“May 4th Movement”, the“Massacre in Qingdao”and the“May 30th Movement”in epitome.You can see Deng Enming,Wang Jinmei and other early Communists spread Marxism—Leninism,launch workers’movements and organize movements against the move to the South and in protection of the factories.

All in all,in this book,you can clearly see how a city has grown taller day by day and become prosperous year by year.You can clearly see how people in this city have won one victory after another and opened up their future step by step,and how an international modem city has acquired its charming and elegant bearing.

As an old saying goes,“we can understand the present and predict the future by reviewing the past”.A stormy 20th century has passed,and a hopeful 21st century has come to us with flapping wings.At the threshold of the new century,we are fully aware of our great historical responsibilities.So many difficult problems we must manage to tackle,so many opportun -ities we must try to seize,and so many challenges we must calmly cope with.Hand in hand and shoulder to shoulder.let us create a more brilliant future for Qingdao and paint more beautiful pictures to go down in its history!